Candle Making Basics - Pour & Penchant

Candle Making Basics

Hand-poured scented candles are typically made from a few primary materials, including wax, fragrance oils, and wicks.

  1. Wax: The most common types of wax used in candle making are soy wax, beeswax, and paraffin wax. Soy wax is a natural wax made from soybeans, and it is eco-friendly and renewable. Beeswax is another natural option that has a subtle honey scent and a longer burn time. Paraffin wax is a byproduct of petroleum and is the most affordable wax option.
  2. Fragrance oils: Fragrance oils are used to give candles their scent. They are typically synthetic oils that mimic natural scents like lavender, vanilla, and citrus. Essential oils can also be used to scent candles, but they are typically more expensive.
  3. Wicks: Wicks are the thin, braided threads that are used to light the candle. They are typically made from cotton or a cotton blend, and they are coated in wax to help them burn more slowly and evenly.

Other materials that may be used in candle making include dyes, which are used to add color to the wax, and containers, which are used to hold the wax and provide a decorative element to the candle. Some candlemakers add decorative elements like dried flowers or herbs to their candles for visual interest.

All of our scented candles are made by hand in our Buffalo, NY studio. 

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